Although it is known that eczema is caused by a reaction to a substance and it affects the body's immune system, the real cause is still to be discovered. Although it can be hereditary, it can also happen when a person comes into contact with something that causes the body to react by producing a rash. Baby eczema is a rash seen on their face which gradually gets worse unless treated, eventually becoming causing cracking and flaking. Although the problem is widespread around the world; in the USA as many as twenty percent of infants will be treated for this complaint at some point.
Despite the problems it causes the child and parents, this is only a problem for a couple of years as it has normally disappeared before the child reaches two. Not every child is so lucky and it can follow them into adulthood when the condition may even become severe. This is primarily a condition suffered by babies and young children although it can affect someone of any age. Although most sufferers have had this condition since they were five years old around a third contracted it before they were barely twelve months of age.
Baby eczema is easily recognizable because the infant wants to scratch itself owing to the red, scaly skin on their face, arms and legs and is the most common form, known as atopic eczema. Usually hereditary, atopic eczema is often thought to be triggered by a baby's skin drying out. Detergents can also trigger the condition in babies but so can fabric conditioners as well. Other studies carried out on baby eczema have linked early weaning to be a causal effect.
Respiratory conditions can also trigger attacks but other medical complaints may also cause this too. Mothers who have asthma are also more likely to have a baby that has the condition but allergic rhinitis and food allergies can also play a part. Specialists in food allergies believe that up to 3 cases in ten of childhood cases are because the child has a food allergy; discovering the foodstuffs responsible should be a relatively simple matter, which once this is done, can be removed from the diet completely. Although the process of diagnosing which food is responsible is often a case of trial an error, there are some that are often found as the cause including:
* Food containing milk
* Products containing eggs
Doctors also know that baby eczema can also be the result of the antibiotics received by the baby at birth. Infants, in particular babies with the condition need to be washed gently in lukewarm water using proprietary lubricating creams. To ensure they are comfortable they only dressed in natural cotton clothing once they have been bathed. Keeping the baby's finger nails short is an important point not to overlook as they can inadvertently scratch inflamed skin making the situation worse. Often in more severe cases of baby eczema, a pediatrician may prescribe antihistamines to relieve itching; when required it is not uncommon for the child to have steroid cream applied to the affected area but this cannot be done for very long. It is not yet possible to completely cure this skin complaint but at least a number of treatments can help ease the situation.
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