Whatever the true cause of eczema is, genetic or otherwise, it currently remains unsolved; it could however, be the result of something else entirely. The most common symptoms are red, dry and itchy areas of skin on anyone who suffers with it. In serious cases the skin becomes blistered with scabs forming around the affected area.
Many types of eczema exist with the most popular form called atopic eczema; like all the other types, this one is characterized by itching as well. The main problem with the itching, especially with atopic eczema is that scratching brings relief but at a cost of intensifying the condition. People who suffer with this also have to stay clear of many everyday substances because using those makes the condition far worse; sufferers avoid contact with soaps and washing powders but other man-made items such as make-up can have the same effect as well.
In small children it can usually be seen, in most cases, as a patch just below the child's skin. Eczema sufferers can also have rashes just like any of us; if the rash is not itchy then it is more than certain that you are not suffering from this complaint. If the rash itches and reacts well to eczema treatment but the rash does not disappear then there is a good chance the rash is unrelated to the itchy feeling.
Because itching is a symptom in many problems related to the skin, including this skin disorder, this is not the basis of diagnosing the condition. Although eczema is characterized by itchy skin with a rash it is still not possible to completely understand why the itching occurs. Red skin is another symptom of and this is as a result of the increased blood flow in the area.
Apart from making the eczema worse when the sufferer scratches, it might also damage the delicate skin surface; it can also flare up if your skin gets infected by a bacteria. The other obvious signs are of course the blisters which generally speaking are quite tiny but larger blisters can be seen on people occasionally; this could be caused sufferers that have developed an infection in that area or as a result of their genes. This is a situation that needs to be monitored as the blisters contain fluids; further infection is almost assured if the blisters are damaged, this is why scratching can just aggravate an already sensitive condition.
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